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Post-Surgery Effects of Cardiovascular Anesthesia

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An irregular heartbeat followed by surgery known as post-operative atrial fibrillation often is dismissed as a transient phenomenon. But POAF can significantly increases the risk of heart attack or stroke during the first 12 months after surgery mostly cardiovascular surgery. Atrial Fibrillation is an atrial arrhythmia characterized predominantly by uncoordinated atrial activation with consequent deterioration of atrial function. Atrial fibrillation is caused due to: HypertensionIschemic Heart DiseaseRestrictive cardiac myopathyCardiac TumorsPulmonary hypertensionObesity
·Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery:
Patients developing AF following cardiac surgery are at increased risk of stroke, congestive heart failure, and haemodynamic instability. Postoperative AF is invariably associated with increased intensive care unit stays and prolonged hospitalizations and is responsible for significant patient morbidity and health care expenditures, clinical postoperative AF and the evidence availa…

Analgesics: A remedy to relief Pain

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Analgesics are drugs that are used to relieve pain. Technically, the term analgesic refers to a medication that provides relief from pain without putting you to sleep or making you lose consciousness. Analgesic drugs act in various ways on central nervous and peripheral nervous systems. They are distinctive from anesthetics, that temporarily affect, and in some instances eliminate, sensation. Analgesics include paracetamol, the nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as the salicylates, and opioid drugs such as morphine and oxycodone. Analgesics are classified into two types: Anti-Inflammatory Analgesics: Anti-inflammatory drugs are pharmaceuticals with anti-inflammatory, pain relieving, and illness-reducing effects. Inflammation is not an infection. Infections are caused by bacteria or viruses and are treated with antibiotics or antiviral drugs. In long-term use, these may damage the mucous membrane of the gastrointestinal tract and cause intestinal bleeding. Nonsteroidal anti-…

Anesthesia: A safety Ambulatory Surgery

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Ambulatory surgery is defined as a medical practice performed on an outpatient basis in otherwise clinically and healthy stable persons in a facility which are either a suite inside the hospital Cost or free-standing; return to daily routine is faster; less debilitating Cost-control pressures, procedure is less invasive,less invasive and more convenient care may utilization and costs; and increases the family cost. Some outpatient surgeries are: ArthroscopyBreast BiopsyBurn Excision/DebridementCataract SurgeryCaesarean SectionCircumcisionDental RestorationGastric BypassHead and Neck SurgeryHysterectomy (Abdominal or Vaginal)Knee/Hip ReplacementLaparoscopyLiver ResectionLung ResectionMajor Abdominal ProcedureMajor Vascular SurgeryMastectomy Mediport Insertion or RemovalProstate Surgery
Anesthesia safety in ambulatory surgery centers is understudied and remains a serious concern. It indicates that requiring ambulatory surgery centers to stockpile dantrolene is a cost-effective measure fo…